Instructions to the Authors for preparing their Article
Actual author is one who has substantially contributed in the conception and designing of the study, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; or drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content. Others who don’t fit in these but have helped in one or the other way for the article/study can be listed only in Acknowledgement. Once the authors are finalized, Authors’ names and institutional affiliations, the name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed, disclaimers, if any and contact information for corresponding authors should be clearly mentioned.
“Short and Sweet” is universally accepted but it should be kept in mind that titles that are too short may, however, lack important information, such as study design (which is particularly important in identifying randomized, controlled trials).
The abstracts are the only substantive portion of the article indexed in many electronic databases, and the only portion many readers read; authors need to be careful that they accurately reflect the content of the article. An abstract should provide the context or background for the study and should state the study’s purpose, basic procedures (selection of study subjects or laboratory animals, observational and analytical methods), main findings (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical significance, if possible), and principal conclusions.
General introduction of Ayurveda or the subject concerned is not really necessary in the introduction part. An introduction should provide a context or background of the study (that is, the nature of the problem, hypothesis and its significance). The main objectives of the study should be highlighted through introduction. Both the main and secondary objectives should be clear, and any pre-specified subgroup analyses should be described. Provide only directly pertinent references, and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.
The Methods section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was being written; all information obtained during the study belongs to the Results section. a) Selection and Description of Participants: Describe your selection of the observational or experimental participants (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly, including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. b) Technical Information: Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow others to reproduce the results. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods; provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well-known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give the reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.
Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract. c) Statistics: Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results.
Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat all the data in the tables or illustrations in the text; emphasize or summarize only the most important observations. When data are summarized in the Results section, give numeric results not only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess supporting data. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid nontechnical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as “random” (which implies a randomizing device), “normal,” “significant,” “correlations,” and “sample.” Where scientifically appropriate, analyses of the data by such variables as age and sex should be included.
Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other information given in the introduction or the results section. For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the discussion by summarizing briefly the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice. Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. Avoid claiming priority or alluding to work that has not been completed.
Reference Style and Format: ICMJE (Vancouer) style should be followed as it is widely accepted by most of the journals. Authors are requested to visit www.icmje.org. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by numerals in parentheses. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in the list of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE, posted by the NLM on the Library’s Web site. Cite electronic references in numbered references following the text.
Abbreviations and Symbols
Use only standard abbreviations; use of nonstandard abbreviations can result in immediate rejection of manuscript with an assumption that, the script was not written with an aim to communicate the work with clarity. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement.
Tables capture information concisely and display it efficiently; they also provide information at any desired level of detail and precision. Including data in tables rather than text frequently makes it possible to reduce the length of the text. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Give each column a short or an abbreviated heading. Authors should place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading.
Figures should be either professionally drawn and photographed, or submitted as photographic quality digital prints as electronic files of figures in a format (JPEG or GIF) that will produce high quality images in the journal.
All Sanskrit words should be written in italics. Devanagari script is additional and optional. All Sanskrit terms should be translated and the original term and the translation should be mentioned together. References to classical texts should be located with the original passage and translation as the footnote. Bibliographical details should be included in the references section.
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